El Niño happens “when water in the tropical Pacific Ocean becomes warmer than normal just as easterly trade winds in the area weaken,” and its effects on climate are well documented. Black carbon — “sooty material produced from the incomplete burning of fossil fuels — is the second-most significant pollutant driving climate change after carbon dioxide.”  Their relationship is only beginning to be understood and the early findings aren’t good for us, climate or the planet.

 

 

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